Groton is a town in northwestern Middlesex County within the Greater Boston Metropolitan area. The population was 11,364 at the 2017 town census. The town was officially incorporated in 1655. Groton is 44 miles outside of Boston.
It is home to two prep-schools: Groton School, founded in 1884, and Lawrence Academy founded in 1792 and the third-oldest private school in Massachusetts. Lawrence Academy was founded with a charter from John Hancock. Near the former border with Maine, the historic town was a battlefield in King Philip’s War and Queen Anne’s War, with children taken captive in a raid by Abenaki and French; it had had incidents of insurrection during Shay’s Rebellion and was the birthplace of William Prescott, who commanded the colonial forces at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolution.
The area surrounding modern-day Groton has, for thousands of years, been the territory of various cultures of indigenous peoples. They settled along the rivers, which they used for domestic tasks, fishing and transportation. Historic tribes were the Algonquian, speaking Nipmuc and Nashaway Indians.
Today Groton offers a quaint center, fine restaurants, wellness shops, and more. Over 30% of the land in Groton, Massachusetts is protected open space. The majority of this open space is accessible to the public. Groton also has over 100 miles of trails. Many of these trails can be walked and biked, others are available for hunting and/or camping.
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