BOXBOROUGH is a town in Middlesex County. The population was 6,401 at the 2017 census. The town name is often simplified to "Boxboro" on highway signs and official documents. It was incorporated in 1783. It is approximately 30 miles outside of Boston with easy access to Route 2.
The area which became the town of Boxborough was first inhabited by the Native Americans of the Nipmuc and Pennacook tribes. It was probably visited by colonists as early as the mid seventeenth century, when the neighboring towns of Stow and Acton were founded. However, the land in Boxborough was not settled until the beginning of the eighteenth century by farmers looking for fertile land to establish farms. Over the next decades, this area would become one of the most productive agricultural farming areas in the county. Several men from the area served in the Seven Years’ War
During the Revolutionary War on April 19, 1775, 21 men from Boxborough met at the Boaz Brown house on Hill road before marching with the companies of Littleton, Stow, Acton, Concord, and Harvard to the Battles of Lexington and Concord Most of these men, previously farmers, would go on to serve the colonial militia for the remainder of the war.
A closer church served as the motivation for establishing a new district; those who lived in the extreme parts of this area found it difficult to travel all the way to church every week (the community had been built on Puritan ideals, attending church was required at this time). Perhaps the key players in this movement, fresh from fighting in the Revolutionary War, were pursuing further independence.
Boxborough was born from the remote areas of Stow, Littleton, and Harvard. The people of Boxborough were denied registration to be an independent district three times before being accepted in 1782, then incorporated on February 25, 1783. At first, Boxborough didn’t send a representative to the General Court, instead continuing to help elect a representative from Stow.
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